Piano Guidelines


The ideal instrument to practice on is a well-tuned acoustic piano in good condition



  • Ideal for technique development

  • Motivating to play on

  • Need to be tuned regularly

  • Older pianos can malfunction, and keys can be loose or sticky

  • Older pianos can be impossible to tune or go out of tune quickly

  • A quality instrument will cost a few thousand dollars


  • A keyboard with 76 – 88 weighted keys is another suitable option

  • Do not need to be tuned

  • Will be in great condition if you buy new

  • Cost as little as $600

  • Have great sound effects

  • Have a different touch/feel to an acoustic piano (disadvantage in learning technique)

  • May have less keys than an acoustic piano

  • Are not suitable for students at an intermediate/advanced level



  • From the first year of lessons, fewer than 76 keys greatly limits the repertoire that can be practiced at home

  • Many keys are smaller width than regular piano keys, and that makes it challenging for a students hand to adapt

  • When keys are easy to press, the student changes the way that they press the keys. Many times this results in tension issues that are difficult to remedy later

  • The teaching of dynamics will be delayed until the student has a weighted instrument


Piano Care, Maintenance, & Purchase resources

Piano Technicians Guild

Larry Fine Piano Buyer’s Guide